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托福阅读中常出现的爬行动物,你认识吗?

2016-05-21 17:24 From 张艳

Nailed it: 

scientists describe weird ancient hammerhead reptile


搞定:

科学家们描绘出怪异的古代锤头状爬行动物


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♢ Nailed it. 口语中常用,“搞定!”

♢ Weird 怪异的(这个词在口语中也常用,比如 “That’s so weird.”)

Reptile 托福高频词汇!!不认识的请去面壁(  ̄  ̄)


✎ It was a creature so outlandish that scientists say it reminds them of the fanciful beasts conjured up by Dr. Seuss. But would the famous children's book author have thought up a marine reptile with a hammerhead snout it used to snack on algae?

这真的是一种古怪的生物,科学家们说看到它让人想起S博士书中那些想象出来的奇幻野兽,但不知道这位著名的童书作者是否想过会有一种海洋爬行动物长着锤头般的鼻子,而且还能吃海藻?


♢ marine reptile 海生爬行动物(高频词汇)

♢ outlandish 怪异的,古怪的

♢ conjure up 提出,想象

♢ algae 海藻,藻类(高频词汇)



✎ Scientists on Friday announced the discovery in southern China of new fossils of a reptile from 242 million years ago called Atopodentatus that clarify the nature of this strange crocodile-sized, plant-eating sea-dweller.

 科学家们于周五对外公布了这个奇怪生物的发现,并澄清了它的特征,鳄鱼尺寸,吃素食,海洋居住者,它是发现于中国南方的一个24.2亿年前的称作A的爬行动物化石。




注:我们在看到这种一句话有30个单词的句子时,不要方~~方法是抓主干成分!主谓宾很简单:Scientists announced the discovery. 随后就是一堆的介词短语及从句来进行修饰~~~而那个A开头的专有名词,我们根本不需要知道它是什么意思~~!!



✎ When the first fossils of Atopodentatus were found in 2014, scientists thought, based on its poorly preserved skull, it had a down-turned snout resembling a flamingo's beak with a vertical, zipper-like mouth. But two new fossil specimens, described in research published in the journal Science Advances, resolved the matter.

当2014年第一个A的化石被发现,根据现存仅有的头骨,科学家们猜想它有一个向下翻转的鼻子,就像动物F垂直拉链唇。但是,根据发布在SA期刊上的调查中描述的两个新化石样本,这个推测已被订正。


♢ based on 依据....

 fossil specimens 化石样本

♢ publish 出版,发行,发布



✎ Atopodentatus apparently used chisel-like teeth along the edge of its blunt, hammer-shaped snout to scrape algae off hard underwater surfaces. It then quickly opened its mouth to create suction before closing its jaws to filter the plant material through densely packed and needle-shaped teeth much like baleen whales strain tiny shrimp-like krill from seawater.

显然,A是沿着它钝的锤子形状的鼻子的边缘用凿子似的牙去剐蹭掉水平面下的海藻硬的表面,然后迅速的张开大嘴吸进去。在闭嘴之前用紧密的、针状的牙齿过滤掉植物体,就像须鲸从海水中获取磷虾一样。


注:这种描述细节的句子,不管是程度好还是差的学生读起来都觉得难,不过好在托福阅读并不是特别喜欢考这种细节!更倾向于考查你抓重点、关键词的能力!


♢ scrape off 刮掉

♢ suction 吸力

♢ filter 过滤





✎ When thinking of hammerhead creatures, sharks may come to mind. But Atopodentatus' hammerhead feature differed in location and function from the sharks, whose eyes are on the end of lateral extensions on their head.

当想到凿子头生物,我们会想到鲨鱼,但是A的凿子头特点在位置和功能上与鲨鱼不同,它的眼睛位于从头部侧面延伸出去的末端。


♢ come to mind 出现在脑海中

♢ lateral 侧面的,横向的



✎ Atopodentatus appeared during the Triassic Period relatively soon after the biggest mass extinction of species in Earth's history, illustrating that life was bouncing back nicely. Other oddball creatures also swam the seas at the time, including a reptile called Dinocephalosaurus whose neck comprised half of its 17-foot (5.25 meters) length. 

Atopodentatus出现在三叠纪时期,紧随生物大灭绝后,表明生物有很强的恢复力。在那时还有其他海洋中的怪异生物,如脖子占全长的一般的D这种爬行动物。


♢ bounce back 反弹,迅速恢复活力

(张艳英语原创)