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2016-06-24 21:26 From 张艳

题目选自TPO18-01-10


The key factor in the success of these countries (along with high literacy, which contributed to it) was their ability to adapt to the international division of labor determined by the early industrializers and to stake out areas of specialization in international markets for which they were especially well suited.

 

句子很长,但是不要害怕!抓主干!掌握抓主干的能力能够让你更好的掌握句子间的逻辑关系!


• 主语  factor (in the success)

• 谓语  was

• 宾语  ability

• 宾补   A and B(A=to adapt to……;B= to stake out……)

句子的主干意思为:成功的因素是适应...和明确表明...的能力

 

逻辑关系:因果关系+并列关系,把这两种关系理清楚是解题的关键!

即AB导致了这些国家的成功

 

但是本题中还有一个小心机句子主干(主语部分)后跟着括号而且括号里面也涵盖了一个逻辑关系,逻辑关键词contributed to it,其中逻辑关系就是high literacy同样导致了这些国家的成功


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下面我们来分析选项


A. The early industrializers controlled most of the international economy, leaving these countries to stake out new areas of specialization along the margins.

 

❖ 句子简化:industrializers+controlled+economy

 

此句中leaving表示结果状语 industrializer出现在宾补A部分的定语中,leaving后的内容出现在宾部B部分中,所以本句话的逻辑关系为A导致了B,与题干逻辑不同,错。

 

B. Aided by their high literacy rates these countries were able to claim key areas of specialization within established international markets.

 

❖ 句子简化:countries+were able to claim+key areas

 

此句中aided by引导分词短语伴随状语其中我们已经分析过了high literacy导致了国家的成功;claim替换stake out,key area也是对宾补B中其它内容的概括。所以选项的意思是:countries在literacy的帮助下,能够clam…(注:literacy导致success),组合之后符合B导致success逻辑虽然与干一致,但似乎缺少宾补A的内容,句子剩下一个within established international markets,establish对应determined,似乎与宾补A不冲突,但感觉说的不是很具体,待定。

 

C. High literacy rates enabled these countries to take over international markets and adapt the international division of labor to suit their strengths.