托福口语 TOEFL®Speak

2009年新托福考试口语部分评分标准

2009-07-07 16:26 From 木子公主

新托福口语考试的评分标准与其它外语类考试的口语部分有本质上的区别。希望考生在看完本文之后能明白考试方向,并根据自己的特点去制定口语复习策略。我们来详细分析口语考试每个分数段的评分标准:

四分评分标准

ANSWER TO QUESTION

The student answers the question thoroughly.

COMPREHENSIBILITY

The student can be understood completely.

ORGANIZATION

The student‘s response is well organized and developed.

FLUENCY

The student‘s speech is generally fluent.

PRONUNCIATION

The student has generally good pronunciation.

GRAMMAR

The student uses advanced grammatical structures with a high degree of accuracy.

VOCABULARY

The student uses advanced vocabulary with a high degree of accuracy.

从上表,我们能够得知,口语分别从六个方面对考生的英文水平进行评估。后四个,流利程度、发音、语法及词汇与雅思口语考试评分标准相当。不同的是,新托福口语考试在语法和词汇的使用上要求更高一些。而发音和流利程度只要求是generally达到标准就好(generally=for most parts)。语法和词汇方面则是high degree of accuracy。大家对词法和语法方面经常出问题的话,这时要注意了。前三个,完整回答、可理解及组织语言方面,我们可以发现完整回答要求大家全面的阐述话题;学生自己的说的话应该能够被理解;组织语言方面,考生的Response应该组织严密,逻辑性强。这就是四分对各位考生的要求。

三分评分标准

ANSWER TO QUESTION

The student answers the questions adequately but not thoroughly.

COMPREHENSIBILITY

The student can generally be understood.

ORGANIZATION

The student‘s response is organized basically and is not thoroughly developed.

FLUENCY

The student‘s speech is generally fluent, with minor problems. 

 

PRONUNCIATION

The student has generally good pronunciation, with minor problems.

GRAMMAR

The student uses either accurate easier grammatical structures or more advanced grammatical structures with some errors.

VOCABULARY

The student uses either accurate easier vocabulary or more advanced vocabulary with some errors.

从上表中,我们发现3分的评分标准已经降低了很多。大家注意副词及转折词的使用,如adequately but…。在发音和流利程度方面,3分允许大家出现失误。在语法和词汇方面,已经允许考生使用简单语法及单词,而且可以出现一些失误。相对于国内能拿到大学英语四、六级的学生,3分一般都是可以拿到的。

二分评分标准

ANSWER TO QUESTION

The student discusses information from the task but does not answer the question directly.

COMPREHENSIBILITY

The student is not always intelligible.

ORGANIZATION

The student‘s response is not clearly organized and is incomplete or contains some inaccurate points.

FLUENCY

The student‘s speech is not very fluent and has a number of problems.

PRONUNCIATION

The student‘s pronunciation is not very clear, with a number of problems.

GRAMMAR

The student has a number of errors in grammar or uses only very basic grammar fairly accurately.

VOCABULARY

The student has a number of errors in vocabulary or uses only very basic vocabulary fairly accurately.

一分评分标准

ANSWER TO QUESTION

The student‘s response is only slightly related to the topic.

COMPREHENSIBILITY

The student is only occasionally intelligible.

ORGANIZATION

The student‘s response is not clearly organized and is only minimally on the topic.

FLUENCY

The student has problems with fluency that make-the response difficult to understand.

PRONUNCIATION

The student has problems with pronunciation that make the response difficult to understand.

GRAMMAR

The student has numerous errors in grammar that interfere with meaning.

VOCABULARY

The student has numerous errors in vocabulary that interfere with meaning.

我们发现2分及1分的平分标准已经比较底了。所以一般考生参加过培训都可以应对2分及1分的标准。

总体上来看,新托付口语考试只有4分比较难取得,而1-3分都可以在培训后取得不错的分数。我们会在新托福口语考试透析(三)中介绍如何准备新托福口语考试;如何理解新托福口语考试的能力要求及每部分的具体分析及准备方式。