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【Fiona老师专栏】托福口语第一例范例指导:Where do you like to study?

2014-08-20 21:40 From Fiona老师

Fiona老师

英语语言学硕士,国内知名培训机构口语教师,口语发音地道,方法独特。多次参加托福考试,深谙口语考试回答结构和评分标准。独创串联口语法,让学生用最少最精准的段子回答问题。

 

Where do you like to study?

    首先我们确定描述对象,比如我们选择学校图书馆。然后我们想出一个分论点,去图书馆学习的原因很多,可以是因为环境好、安静,可以是因为书多可以查资料复习考试,也可以是因为图书馆里有会议室可以做小组讨论等等。我们这里不做题目的讨论,只对分论点进行展开论证。

    我们先简单的罗列一下这一题的回答关键词:

    school library

    like atmosphere

    focus

    study efficiently

    根据回答框架MR-major point就是:I normally would choose to study in the school library;Reason是:Because I like the atmosphere;理由的展开我们可以先用推理:I am able to focus on the things that I'm working with. So I could study efficiently.

    于是,一个简单的回答变成了这样:I personally like to study in the school library because I really enjoy the atmosphere. I am able to focus on the thingsthat I'm working with. So I could study efficiently.

    上文划线的单词是可以继续细化的。atmosphere是一个general word,可以继续被拆分,或者说我们可以继续解释,是怎样的atmosphere。比如我们可以说:it's quiet and peaceful. 第二个划线词things依然可以进一步细化,我们可以说:I am able to focus on the things that I'm working with like dealing with homework and stuff. 于是上文的回答便充实起来:

    I personally like to study in the school library because I really enjoy the atmosphere. It's quiet and peaceful. So I am able to focus on the things that I'm working with, like dealing with homework and stuff. And I could study efficiently.

    这段话说完显然用不了45秒钟的时间,也就是用大概20秒的时间。那么剩下的20多秒我们再如何展开呢?根据上文我们的展开方法,我们可以选择举例子或者对比。

    如果我们使用举例子,注意不要机械的重复我们分论点的内容。比如:For example, I like to study in the school library. Because it's quiet I can focus on the books and I could improve my study efficiency.

    这样就是完全在重复上文的观点。我们需要做的就是用更加细致的例子和细节来填充。比如:For example, I always prepare for final exams in the library. Because of the environment here, I'm able to go over my class notes in just one day. And I could get ready for the upcoming tests.

    这样的例子就非常具体细致。很好的说明了我在图书馆学习如何提高了学习效率。

    所以一个版本的回答就是这样的:

    I personally like to study in the school library because I really enjoy the atmosphere. It's quiet and peaceful. So I am able to focus on the things that I'm working with, like dealing with homework and stuff. And I could study efficiently.

    For example, I always prepare for final exams in the library. Because of the environment here, I'm able to go over my class notes in just one day. And I could get ready for the upcoming tests.

    剩下的事情就是注意自己的语音语调和回答的速度。不要太快,会让考官听起来很烦躁。也不能太慢,否则有用信息不能有效回答。要注意,你的语音语调的起伏可以让你在原有的基础上增加1-2分。

 

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