托福写作 TOEFL®Write

新托福写作经典句型——状语从句

2009-10-13 12:23 From 张艳

 

     在写作当中运用的最多的是以下五种状语从句,即原因状语从句,让步状语从句,条件状语从句,时间状语从句和目的状语从句。

1. 原因状语从句:常由because, as, since和for引导

  Eg: Nonetheless, I am still in favor of space travel, for its merits far outweigh demerits.
  尽管如此,我还是赞成太空探险,因为它的好处远远大于坏处。

2. 让步状语从句:常由although, though, even though/ if, as long as引导

  Eg: Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.

  尽管这一观点被广泛接受,很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点、任何年龄进行。

3. 条件状语从句:常由if, on the condition that和providing that引导

  Eg: If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions, you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared. source:veduchina

  假如你要取得成就或要实现你的雄心壮志,你必须努力工作、艰苦奋斗、准备好条件。

4. 时间状语从句:常由when和while引导


  Eg: When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.

  说到教育,大部分人认为其是一个终生的学习。

5. 目的状语从句: 常由so that和in order that引导

  Eg: Millions of people have to spend more time and energy on studying new skills and technology so that they can keep a favorable position in job market.

  成千上万的人们不得不花费更多的精力和时间学习新的技术和知识,使得他们在就业市场能保持优势。